Addition Within 10

By understanding counting on and number bonds, children will already have a grasp of some of what is required to tack addition within 10.

Making It Real

  • Make it real. Using similar but different objects, such as different types of biscuits (cookies), introduce number stories to your child. "If we have two chocolate chip cookies, and 3 ginger snaps, how many biscuits do we have altogether? Let's count them and see."
  • Hands-on practice. The more hands-on practice with real objects you give children, the better. Start with addition up to 5 only
  • Enlist toys or manipulatives! Give children a small number of two different types of toys or different colours of bricks, beads or counters - and encourage them to make up their own number stories. "So you have 2 red bricks? What happens if you add 2 blue bricks? How many bricks have you got now?
  • Thread beads onto pipe-cleaners. Give your child 2 different colours of pony beads and a pipe cleaner, then give them instructions. "Can you thread 1 yellow bead onto the pipe cleaner? Now thread 2 pink beads. Count how many beads there are altogether. So we know that 1 and 2 makes 3. Or we can say "1 plus 2 equals 3".
  • Vary vocabulary, using and, plus, equals, is equal to, is the same as, makes etc. Show the children that a + sign means "and" or "plus" and that an = sign means "equals" or "is the same as".

Using Number Bonds

  • Use our Add It Up Printable (in the Resources below). This is the opposite of our Break It Up Printable and allows children to see that simple addition sums are just the reverse of number bonds.
  • Use visual aids and displays. Look at our Addition Using Number Bond Posters and talk through and count the pictures, making number stories together and relating the sums to the number bond representations on each poster.
  • Have a go at worksheets. You will find a set of Addition Using Number Bond Worksheets in the Resources below.
  • Mix and Match cards. Print out our (large) set of Mix and Match number bond cards and turn them into double-sided flash cards to use for quick drills.
  • Snap Challenge. At random times during the day call out "Snap Challenge! What's 3 plus 6?" Your child must answer as quickly as possible. The aim is for them to be able to recall instantly all the number bonds / maths facts up to 10. Encourage your child to Snap Challenge you, too.

Using Counting On

Counting on can be used for addition of 1, 2 or 3. Any more than that and it gets confusing - it can be hard for the kids to manage the numbers in their head, which is the aim. We've already done some work on counting on, so children should pick up the concept easily.

  • Use manipulatives to show "one more". Children should already be familiar with the idea of "one more" (if not see here). Using small objects, put a number down and ask the children to count them. Add one more and ask them to count on. You can talk it through as you do. "Here we have some bricks. Can you count them? 1, 2, 3 4. Let's add one more ... 5! That means 4 plus 1 makes 5."
  • Use number lines. Start with your finger on the first number and "hop" along 1, 2 or 3 to get your answer.
  • Head and fingers. Some children will be able to add 2 or 3 by counting on without extra help. For those who need extra help, show children how to use "head and fingers". What is 4 plus 2? Show the child how to point to their head with their non-dominant hand, saying 4. Now count on 2 using the fingers of the other hand - 5, 6. The answer is 6. What is 4 plus 3? Point to the head - 4 - and count on 3 on the fingers - 5, 6, 7. The answer is 7. Try to do this in a rythm and make a game out of it. For example: 3 plus 2 is 3 (head) 4 (finger) 5 (finger) - with emphasis on the 5! After a while you can suggest that the child "holds" the first number in their head rather than pointing to their head.
  • Worksheets. You will find our "Addition by Counting On" worksheets in the Resources section below.

Maths Facts Colouring Pages
We've got a big collection of Maths Facts Colouring Pages, which make learning early addition fun!
Maths Facts Colouring Pages

More Addition within Ten Resources

Add It Up Printable

Add It Up Printable

Having worked on decomposing numbers to understand number bonds with our Break It Up Printable, we hope that children will quickly see that the reverse of a number bond is an addition sum.

Adding with Number Bonds to 5

Adding with Number Bonds to 5

Practice early addition sums up to 5 using a number bond model and writing the sum underneath. We've included 2 simple number stories to try, too.

Addition by Counting On Worksheets Set 1

Addition by Counting On Worksheets Set 1

"Counting on" can be used when adding 1, 2 or 3 to a number. For larger numbers other methods are probably better. This set of 4 worksheets takes children through the steps with an example on every page and then "fill in the blank" equations for them to answer themselves.

Addition by Counting On Worksheets Set 2

Addition by Counting On Worksheets Set 2

This set of 2 worksheets consist of simple equations within 10, adding 1, 2 or 3 each time. We provide a number line so that the children can practice counting on to get their answers.

Addition Stories Worksheets

Addition Stories Worksheets

Turning simple equations into "stories" makes it easier for children to understand, and gives them strategies for thinking through their work or tackling problems in the future. Here are 4 worksheets of addition stories for adding within 10.

Addition with Number Bonds to 5 Posters

Addition with Number Bonds to 5 Posters

This set of 5 simple posters is designed to be looked at and read through with your children. Look at the pictures and count each set. Read the words underneath as you do.

Addition with Number Bonds Worksheets Set 2

Addition with Number Bonds Worksheets Set 2

Here's another set of 4 worksheets practising addition with number bonds, up to 5 only. In this set we ask the children to fill in the missing numbers on both the number bond model and the equation, then draw a picture showing the total.

Addition with Number Bonds Worksheets Set 3

Addition with Number Bonds Worksheets Set 3

This set of 4 worksheets asks children to fill in the gaps in our number bond models and the sums beneath them. We start with number bonds up to 5 and work up with each worksheet in the set, to number bonds to 8, 9 and 10.

Arithmagons Addition Facts Blank

Arithmagons Addition Facts Blank

Here is a blank template for you to create your own arithmagons using addition facts - perfect for when your child is struggling with a particular number bond or needs more practice than we have already provided.

Arithmagons Pack 1

Arithmagons Pack 1

Here are four pages of "easy" arithmagons - that's 16 puzzles in total - all working on facts up to 10. They are an excellent way to practise simple number bonds and help kids with early addition and subtraction skills.

Colourful Addition Worksheets

Colourful Addition Worksheets

Solve the equations and colour the balloon the correct colour - for some very colourful addition practice! We have 5 worksheets in this set, drilling 3 numbers on each. US versions available too.

Ghost Addition Worksheet

Ghost Addition Worksheet

Count the number of ghosts in each group and write the number in the box below it. Then add up the total ghosts in each row, counting the ghosts again if it helps. Write the total in the box on the right.

Mix and Match Number Bond Cards up to 10

Mix and Match Number Bond Cards up to 10

This set of mix and match cards - a 17 page pdf file - covers all the maths facts up to 10. We've designed it so that you can use it to make quick double-sided flash cards.

Number Bond Triangles

Number Bond Triangles to 10

These useful number bond cards come in colour or black and white and can be used to help children learn their number bonds to 10, addition within 10, subtraction within 10 and fact families.

One More Worksheets Set 1

One More Worksheets Set 1

Adding "one more" to a number is the first step in teaching children about addition, and it is easy with the help of a number line. These 3 worksheets take the kids through the process with words and then with the simplest of "sums".

Owl Number Bonds Blank

Owl Number Bonds Blank

We've done 2 sizes, 2 colours and 1 black and white of our number bond owls, for use in your number bond / addition work. Cut out and laminate if you wish, although it's not necessary. Then use with counters or beads.

Path Puzzle 1 - Addition to 10

Path Puzzle 1 - Addition to 10

A simple puzzle that will have children practicing adding up lots of small numbers - and having fun! Which path of numbers adds up to 10?

Next Steps ...

Subtraction within 10
Subtraction within 10

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