It's an exciting time to be in Brazil - with the Olympic Games in 2016. Find out a little about the world's fifth biggest country, and print out our flag printables, in many formats, for your projects. We've also got brand new printables, colouring pages and worksheets!
Learn About Brazil
- The largest country in South America and fifth largest worldwide, the Federative Republic of Brazil covers 8,500,000 sq km of the east of the continent of South America.
- The world's second longest river, the mighty Amazon, is 4,000 miles long and up to 15 miles wide, and contains an amazing 20% of the world's fresh water! It flows across nine countries from the Peruvian Andes to the Brazilian Atlantic coast, with the Amazon basin covering over one billion acres, including half of Brazil.
- The rainforest provides 20% of the world's oxygen. Around half of all known plant species can be found here.
- Large reptiles like the black caiman and the world's longest snake, the anaconda, can both grow to up to 20 feet long.
- The Cerrado savannah region covers 20% of the country and produces 70% of the cattle. Brazil is now the world's largest exporter of beef.
- The Pantanal, the world's largest wetland, extends from western Brazil to Paraguay. Visitors can see more species of bird there than anywhere in the world.
- There are 270 waterfalls at Iguazu Falls on the Brazil-Argentina border, including the Devil's Throat - which is 82 metres high!
- Prior to European settlement, there were 1000 tribes of indigenous Indians.
- Brazil was discovered in 1500 by Portuguese explorer Pedro Cabral, who landed in South America on the way to India.
- The name Brazil derives from the hard wood which contained red dye used in clothing.
- African slaves were imported to work on sugar cane plantations and gradually escaped to start new settlements.
- Brazil became the world's biggest gold producer in the 18th century. In 1807 the Portuguese court fled Lisbon and decided to make Rio capital of both countries. When Brazil gained independence in 1822, Dom Pedro I became the first Emperor.
- The coastal city of Rio de Janeiro contains a number of iconic landmarks such as Copacabana beach, the Maracana Football Stadium, Sugar Loaf Mountain and the statue of Christ the Redeemer. Each year during Carnival thousands of samba dancers in colourful costumes parade past huge crowds in a noisy procession.
- Residents of Rio are known as 'cariocas', which is believed to refer to the white man's houses of Portuguese settlers.
- Sao Paulo is the biggest city. Over 20 million people live in the metropolitan area, which is a melting pot of different cultures and nationalities, including large numbers of Paulistas with Italian and Japanese ancestry.
- The capital Brasillia replaced Rio de Janeiro in the 1960s as part of a plan to encourage growth away from the coast.
- Brazilian football is admired around the world with Brazilian footballer Pele considered by fans as the greatest footballer of all time.
- Brazil have won the World Cup a record five times, last in 2002, and are the hosts for the next tournament in 2014.
- Rio de Janeiro has been chosen to host the Olympic Games in 2016.