Bulgaria

Did you know that Bulgarians nod for no and shake for yes? This, and other fun facts about Bulgaria below! And we have a full set of flag printables, too...

St Alexander Nevsky Cathedral in Sofia, Bulgaria
St Alexander Nevsky Cathedral in Sofia, Bulgaria

Learn about Bulgaria

Geography of Bulgaria:

  • The Republic of Bulgaria is in Southeast Europe, in the Balkans. It is a compact nation with a population of 7,300,000. The River Danube forms the northern border with Romania, whilst Turkey and Greece are to the south. Macedonia, Serbia and Montenegro are to the west whilst the Black Sea coastline runs along the entire eastern border for 378 km.
  • It is a hilly country with lowland plains in the south east and north bisected by the Balkan mountains.
  • Sofia is Europe’s highest capital and Bulgaria’s largest city. It is on the site an ancient Thracian spa. It can be very foggy, and it gets regular snowfalls.
  • Mount Musala near Sofia is the highest point in the Balkans at 2925 metres, and overlooks Borovets ski resort.
  • Bulgaria’s Black Sea coastline includes resorts named Golden Sands and Sunny Beach attracts millions of holidaymakers each year.
  • Bulgaria is home to 12,360 plant species making it Europe’s second most biologically diverse nation.

Interesting Facts:

  • There is evidence of organised prehistoric people in Bulgaria during the Neolithic period. Thracians, Greeks and Romans all played a part in Bulgaria's turbulent early history. In the 7th century, Bulgar tribes conquered the resident Slavs and settled, forming the First Bulgarian Kingdom.
  • Bulgarian independence day, on September 22nd, celebrates the end of five centuries of Ottomon Rule in 1908.
  • The magnificent Alexander Nevskyi Cathedral, which has domes covered with gold leaf, commemorates the 200,000 Russian troops killed when liberating Sofia from the Turks in 1877-78.
  • Plovdiv, the second largest city, has many Roman remains including a stadium which held 30,000 spectators, modelled on the famous Delphi stadium. Seats for officials had their names engraved in Greek.
  • Old Bulgarian was the first Slavic language to have a written alphabet. It was based on Greek and named Cyrillic after a monk called Cyril, who invented it!
  • The rarest animal is the Black monk seal of which only a handful survives in coastal caves.
  • Bulgaria's most famous ice skater Albena Denkova won the gold medal at Alberta with partner Maxim Stavisky. They are now married.
  • The Rogozen silver treasure was found in a vegetable plot in 1985. It consists of 165 beautiful silver jugs and cups which date from the 5th century BCE to 340 BCE. Thracian myths are depicted and even the names of the silversmiths can be seen.
  • Bulgarians nod their heads to say no and shake their heads when they mean less. It can be very confusing!

About the Bulgarian Flag

Bulgaria Flag

The National flag of Bulgaria consists of three equally sized horizontal bands, coloured white, green and red. The flag was first introduced when Bulgaria gained independence after the Russo-Turkish war in 1879, but was only officially included in the Constitution in 1991.


Our Bulgaria Resources

Bulgaria Booklet

Bulgaria Booklet

Children of all ages will enjoy creating their own booklets. This one has the theme of Bulgaria. All you do is print, fold, and then fill with writing and/or drawing. Print the version that suits you, one has lines, one is blank.

Bulgaria Bookmarks

Bulgaria Bookmarks

There are bookmarks available on the website for LOADS of countries! These have the Bulgarian flag. You can colour them yourself or print the colour version.

Bulgaria Fact Worksheet

Bulgaria Fact Worksheet

Here's a fun way to test how much the kids know about Bulgaria. Ask them to fill in the facts on our worksheet, and do a little location test too!

Bulgaria Flag Colouring Page

Bulgaria Flag Colouring Page

Stripy flags are nice and easy for younger children to colour in. The flag of Bulgaria is white, green and yellow, from top to bottom.

Bulgaria Flag Jigsaw

Bulgaria Flag Jigsaw

Flags make great jigsaws and this one of the flag of Bulgaria is particularly suited to younger children thanks to its simple coloured stripes.

Bulgaria Flag Printable

Bulgaria Flag Printable

Whether you are making a display of world flags, creating some bunting, or just want something to wave, this flag of Bulgaria printable is perfect.

Bulgaria Location Worksheet

Bulgaria Location Worksheet

Our Bulgaria location worksheets will help children locate the country with confidence on a map of Europe. Choose from blank or guided versions below.

Bulgaria Notebooking Page

Bulgaria Notebooking Page

Start creating your own fact file with notebooking pages! We have two types to print, one with space for drawing and one without. This one is themed for Bulgaria.

Bulgaria Worksheet

Bulgaria Worksheet

Our simple country worksheets are ideal for younger children. This worksheet is all about Bulgaria and also includes some location work. 

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