Take a quick tour around Chile with us, and learn some interesting facts about the country's geography, history and culture. Then scroll down for a complete set of our flag printables featuring the Chilean flag.
A view over Santiago, Chile's captial city
Learn about Chile
- The Republic of Chile is one of the longest and narrowest countries in the world, extending from Peru to the Pacific on the west side of South America.
- The country contains a wide array of physical features from the Atacama desert in the north, which is the driest place on earth, to the glaciers of southern Patagonia.
- The Andes, the longest mountain range in the world, runs down the inland spine, with peaks over 20,000 feet high.
- Chile has over 600 volcanoes due to its location in the Pacific Ring of Fire.
- Chile is biggest producer of copper in the world.The largest mine is called Escondida is 9000 feet above sea level.
- Chile also claims a large territory in Antarctica which is twice the size of the rest of the country.
Map of Chile within South America. You can print the map here.
- The north of Chile was part of the Inca empire until the Spanish arrived in the 16th century.
- Mapuche indians lived in central Chile. They bravely resisted colonisation but had low resistance to smallpox. Today over 10% of Chileans are Mapuche.
- Easter Island, over 2000 miles offshore, is home to the famous statues called 'moai'. Erected by Polynesians between 1200 -1500AD, the tallest of these stone heads is 33 feet tall and weighs 75 tons.
Just some of the moais (statues) at Easter Island, Chile
Chile's Capital City:
- A third of the 16,500,000 population live around Santiago, the capital. It is a financial centre and many international companies close to locate in the business district, which also attracts major luxury retail brands.
- Santiago has the most extensive metro system and the tallest skyscraper in Latin America. The Gran Torre de Santaigo is 300 metres high.
- Smog can be a problem as air is trapped by the Andes.
- Bernardo O'Higgins was a national hero involved in the successful struggle for independence from Spain in 1810, although it took 7 years struggle to succeed.
- On Independence Day, September 18th, families celebrate Chilean culture at 'fiestas patrias' where they like to eat 'empanadas', meat stuffed pastries.
- With over 3000 miles of coastline, Chileans enjoy visits to beaches, surfing and are very fond of seafood.
- Valle Nevado is the largest ski resort in the southern hemisphere and hosts the Snowboard World Cup.
- Football is the national sport and the country hosted the 1962 World Cup, finishing third.
- Famous Chilean writers Pablo Neruda and Gabriel Mistral have both won the Nobel Prize for Literature.
- The National Coat of Arms features the endangered Huemul deer and the Andean condor, which has a wingspan of over 10 feet and has a hooked nose.