Living in Ghana might be quite different from where you live. Can you do some research, then write a diary entry for a typical day living in Ghana?
Learn about Ghana, a country with the world's largest artificial lake and a space program!
Kwame Nkrumah Mausoleum in Accra is dedicated to the prominent Ghanaian leader Kwame Nkrumah.
A Little Geography
- Ghana is situated on the west coast of Africa and is a land of lowland hills.
- The country shares borders with Côte Ivoire to the west, Burkina Faso to the north, and Togo to the east. To the south are the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean.
- Lake Volta is the largest artificial lake in the world. It extends for over 320 miles and can be seen from space.
- Accra, the capital, is a large city with a population of 4.1m.
- Ghana has a very hot climate as it is near to the equator.
A Little History
- Ancient Ghana was located hundreds of miles to the north of present-day Ghana between the Senegal and Niger rivers. It was known as the Wagadugu Empire and the name “Ghana” was the title given to the rulers of the kingdom.
- The first Europeans to arrive in Ghana were the Portuguese in 1470, who built Elmina Castle in 1482. Their main reason to stay was to trade gold, ivory and slaves with other countries. Due to the gold production in the country, Ghana became known as the Gold Coast.
- The Danish built a fortress called Christianborg Castle in 1661, which became a centre of slave trading.
- The slave trade was banned in Ghana in the early 19th century. The British eventually made the Gold Coast a colony. This area, along with the Togoland, a trust territory, would later become Ghana.
- In 1957 Ghana was the first of the sub-Saharan colonies to become an independent nation and the country became known as the Republic of Ghana.
- Kwame Nkrumah PC became the first prime minister and president of Ghana, having led it to independence from Britain.
Fun Facts About Ghana
- The country is the second largest producer of gold in Africa.
- Ghana is the worlds second largest producer of cocoa beans.
- The colourful national costume is made from handwoven cloth called kente.
- Traditional salad in Ghana often consists of lettuce, tomato, onion, boiled eggs, tuna and a perhaps unexpected ingredient, baked beans!
- Tourists visit Shai Hills to see baboons living wild at the edge of the savannah preservation. However, these primates love to steal things from the local area, including food, personal items and even live chickens. To combat this, farmers sometimes spray the chickens bright neon pink, which for some reason deters the baboons from stealing them!
- Ghana has a space program and launched a satellite, GhanaSat-1, in 2017!
Ghanaian women dressed in traditional kente cloth
The Ghanaian Flag
The National flag of Ghana was designed to replace the Union Jack upon Ghanaian independence in 1957. The flag consists of the pan-African colours (red, yellow and green), in three horizontal stripes. In the centre of the yellow stripe is a black star. The red, yellow and green colours represent the blood spilt by those in the struggle for independence, the mineral wealth of the county and the rich forests respectively. The black star stands for ‘the loadstar of African Freedom’.
Flags and Other Printables
Describe the climate of Ghana, then find out what the weather is doing there today and present the results in the weather app on the phone.
Ghana is often described as a land of festivals, music and traditional dances, and there's plenty of space to write about the culture of this colourful country here, or you can draw some pictures (choose from our blank or lined 'Culture in Ghana' worksheets below).
Can the kids design their own tourism poster for Ghana? They could start by thinking of a catchy slogan to get people interested!
Street food is very popular in both rural and urban areas of Ghana, with many families eating street food 3 times a week! Find out some more about the types of food grown and eaten in the country and draw a picture of a typical meal.
We have both colour and black and white versions of our Ghana bookmarks, and you can choose from named or blank too.
This Venn diagram helps the kids learn what they have in common with children living in Ghana, and to understand the differences too...
It's fascinating to see how our lives compare with those of someone living elsewhere! Compare your own life with that of someone in Ghana using our worksheet to help you...
Need to find out the population or capital of Ghana quickly and easily? You can refer to our useful factsheet for these and more key facts, and map and flag too...
Our location worksheets help children to find and identify the different countries and capitals within a continent. These two ask kids to find Ghana on the continent of Africa. The guided worksheet gives the country names and is suitable for younger children; the other is blank.
We've illustrated the beautiful hibiscus flowers of Ghana on this colouring page - perfect for a relaxing colouring experience!
Fun Fact: Certain species of hibiscus are beginning to be used as a natural source of food colouring.
Write down your research on Ghana on our notebooking pages (page 2 has space to draw or stick pictures, too).
We've marked Ghana in red on this simplified outline map of Africa. It enables children to see its location, neighbours, size etc.
Capture the excitement and beauty of Ghana by drawing or cutting and pasting some pictures into the frames in our picture gallery.
Ask the kids to do a little research about the landmarks, things to do and typical food in Ghana, then write them on this postcard.
Draw a picture of something you might see in Ghana on this postcard, then write some information about the country too using the lines on the back.
This poster features the outline of the national boundary of Ghana filled with the country flag - perfect for displays and topic work.
Fire up the kids' imagination with this Ghana story paper - we have two versions to choose from: lined, or with handwriting lines.
Use this fun printable to produce your own tourist leaflet for Ghana! Remember to use exciting language and include lots of useful information about the country.
Invite the kids to create a travel brochure to share information about Ghana with others. They can draw pictures, use photographs, add maps, and write details about what they learn.
Find out some facts about Ghana to fill in the gaps, and then use the rest of this simple worksheet to record what else you have learned about the African country.
Learn about Ghana - fun facts, a little history, a little geography - with these printable pages for kids.
Can you write or draw everything you need for a stay in Ghana in this suitcase? You might need to research a few things first, such as climate, any risks, and activities you might do there...