House of Plantagenet

The name Plantagenet comes from the yellow flower 'planta genista' that Geoffrey of Anjou, father of Henry II, sometimes wore in his cap. 

This was a time of warrior kings, when the throne was often won and lost on the battlefield, and there were frequent civil wars as weak kings found themselves under threat.

The Plantagenets ruled England from 1154-1485.  Just to confuse matters, the Houses of York and Lancaster are also considered part of the Plantagenet dynasty.

Henry II
Henry II (1154-1189) was the son of Matilda and Geoffrey of Anjou. He succeeded his cousin Stephen...
Richard I
Richard I (king from 1189-1199) was a very brave fighter and had earned the nickname Cœur de Lion (...
John
King John (1199-1216) was the younger brother of Richard I.   John is usually remembered as...
Henry III
Henry III (1216-1272) came to the throne at the age of 9 with the country in the grip of civil war...
Edward I
Edward I (1272-1307) was a much stronger ruler than his father Henry III. He had been on Crusade in...
Edward II
Edward II (1307-1327) was physically very like his father Edward I but in character he was very...
Edward III
Edward III (1327-1377) came to the throne at 14 but at only 17 he banished his mother Isabella and...
Richard II
Richard II (1377-1399) was the son of Edward, the Black Prince, who had died before his father, and...

Henry II and his knights - Horrible Histories style

The 'stupid death' of Richard the Lionheart

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House of Lancaster
House of Lancaster

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