Mozambique

Learn a little about Mozambique and enjoy our collection of printables, worksheets and flags.

Mozambique fishermen
Mozambique fishermen

A little Geography

  • The Republic of Mozambique is in southeast Africa, opposite the island of Madagascar.
  • It is bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east and Tanzania to the north, South Africa to the south west and Zimbabwe to the west.
  • Mozambique is forecast to be one of the fastest growing countries in the next 10 years, helped by exports of coal and natural gas.
  • Sadly, Mozambique is still a very poor country with half its people living on less than $1 a day.
  • Maputo, the capital, is a vibrant city with a population of 1.5m, with white sandy beaches and a mural showing the civil war which is 95 metres long.
  • Mozambique's coast runs for 1500 miles and features islands and coral reefs where over 1200 species of fish can be found.

A little History

  • Mozambique was first inhabited by the San people, who were hunter-gatherers.
  • Around the first century AD, Bantu tribespeople migrated to the area, followed by Arabs who set up trading settlements along the coast of the country.
  • The first Europeans to arrive were the Portuguese in 1498. The Portuguese built forts and trading posts along the coast as well. After World War II, when many other European countries were granting independence to their colonies, Portugal hung on to Mozambique. Many people immigrated to Mozambique from Portugal. There were around 250,000 Portuguese in the country at the time the country became independent.
  • Mozambique was a Portuguese colony for nearly 500 years, known for crops such as cashew nuts and cassava in addition to all sorts of spices, from chilli to garlic.
  • Mozambique was torn apart by a 16 year civil war after achieving independence from Portugal in 1975, but fighting stopped in 1992

And Some Interesting Facts

  • Maputo Elephant Reserve is home to a herd of 350 elephants, whose habitat was under threat.
  • Mozambique would score more than any other one-word country spelt out in Scrabble tiles! It is also the only country with a single word name that includes all five vowels.
  • Half the people in Mozambique are under-17.
  • Mozambique is the only country in the Commonwealth never to have been part of the British Empire.
  • The Vumba Rock Paintings depict human figures and animals. They are thought to be around 8,000 years old.
  • Some of the richest coral reefs in the world are found in Mozambique, containing over 1,200 species of fish.

Mozambique on the Map

Mozambique on map of Africa
You can print this map here

Bazaruto Island, Mozambique
Bazaruto Island, Mozambique


The Mozambique Flag

Mozambique flag

The flag of Mozambique stands out from all other flags because of its representation of an AK-47 rifle! The three stripes of the Mozambique flag - green, black and yellow - represent the riches of the land, the colour of the people of the African continent, and the country's minerals. The white stripes between them signifiy peace, while the red triangle stands for the struggle for independence.

On the triangle you can see that modern rifle we mentioned earlier (for defence and vigilance), an open book (representing the importance of education), a hoe (recognising the importance of the country's agriculture) and a yellow star (symbolic of Marxism).


Printables, Maps and Worksheets

A Day In Mozambique Diary

A Day In Mozambique Diary

Use this diary template to write about what a typical day in Mozambique might be like. You'll need to a little research first...

Climate Of Mozambique Worksheet

Climate Of Mozambique Worksheet

Here's a worksheet with a difference if you're studying Mozambique. Find out a little about the climate of Mozambique, then write the weather forecast there today in the weather app...

Culture In Mozambique

Culture In Mozambique

The people in the northern regions of Mozambique are known for their fantastic artwork and crafts. Can you find out more, and learn about other aspects of Mozambique culture and record your findings on this worksheet?

Food From Mozambique Worksheet

Food From Mozambique Worksheet

Many people consider Mozambique to be a food lover's heaven, thanks to five hundred years of Portuguese influence, and plentiful supplies of fish, seafood and fruit.

Mozambique Coat Of Arms Worksheet

Mozambique Coat Of Arms Worksheet

The design of the Mozambique national emblem contains elements that are representative of the history of the country, its cultural identity and its people.

Mozambique Location Worksheet

Mozambique Location Worksheet

We have two versions of this worksheet, one with a completely blank map for older children and one with countries and capitals marked on the map. Either way, find Mozambique and colour it in, then write down the capital city...

Mozambique National Flower Colouring Page

Mozambique National Flower Colouring Page

This beautiful national flower colouring page for Mozambique features the stunning Maroon Bell Bean.

Fun Fact: The leaves of the Maroon Bell Bean Tree are often enjoyed by local elephants!

 

Mozambique Picture Gallery

Mozambique Picture Gallery

Mozambique is home to incredible wildlife such as rhinos, zebras and elephants. Something to draw in the frames on this picture gallery, perhaps?

Mozambique Postcard 1

Mozambique Postcard 1

Ask the kids to imagine they're visiting Mozambique and are writing a postcard to send to someone back home. They can use the image on the postcard for inspiration!

Mozambique Postcard 2

Mozambique Postcard 2

Do a little research on Mozambique, then write a postcard telling someone all about this beautiful country. There's space to draw your own picture, too...

Mozambique Poster 1

Mozambique Poster 1

Print this beautiful scenic poster of Mozambique and display on its own, or with other posters from different countries as part of a topic on Africa or the Commonwealth.

Mozambique Poster 2

Mozambique Poster 2

Help the kids to recognise the outline of Mozambique and the colours of the Mozambique flag too by printing and displaying this useful poster.

Mozambique Story Paper

Mozambique Story Paper

Write a story inspired by this stunning photograph of Mozambique, or use this story paper to write down everything you have learned about the country.

Mozambique Tourist Leaflet

Mozambique Tourist Leaflet

What is there to see and do in Mozambique? Find out, then add some information to this tourist leaflet...

Mozambique worksheet

Mozambique Worksheet

Write down a few key facts about Mozambique, find it on the map, then use the rest of the worksheet to record what you have learned about the country.

Packing For Mozambique Worksheet

Packing For Mozambique Worksheet

Imagine you're going to stay in Mozambique for a week. Fill the suitcase with everything you need (either write down items or draw pictures).

Wildlife Of Mozambique Worksheet

Wildlife Of Mozambique Worksheet

Mozambique has diverse wildlife, with over 232 species of mammals and 740 species of bird. Write about the animals, plants and birds of Mozambique on this worksheet, or draw/cut and stick some pictures if you prefer.

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