Our phonics resources are based largely on the UK Government's Letters and Sounds programme, which was published in 2007. This introduces children to the phonemes and graphemes in stages, allowing them to sound out simple VC and CVC quickly and begin word building at the same time. As they move through the Phases One to Six, children's phonics knowledge and skills are developed systematically, turned them into confident readers by the end of Year 2, or age 7.
For an explanation of the vocabulary of phonics, please see below
- Phase One (Nursery/Reception): noticing and appreciating environmental sounds, instrumental sounds, body sounds, rhythm and rhyme, alliteration and voice sounds and beginning to work on oral blending and segmenting
- Phase Two (Reception over 6 weeks): Learning 19 letters of the alphabet and one sound for each. Blending sounds together to make words. Segmenting words into their separate sounds. Beginning to read simple captions
- Phase Three (Reception over 12 weeks): Learning the remaining 7 letters of the alphabet and one sound for each as well as graphemes such as ch, th, ai, ee representing the remaining phonemes not covered by single letters. Reading captions, sentences and questions. At the end of this phase, children will have learned the "simple code" of phonics, ie one grapheme for each phoneme in the English language, as well as many exception of "tricky" words
- Phase Four (Reception - over 4-6 weeks): Learning to blend and segment longer words with adjacent consonants, e.g. swim, spin, chimp
- Phase Five (throughout Year 1): Learning the "complex code". Children learn more graphemes for the phonemes which they already know (for example, spelling the e sound with ea) as well as alternative ways of pronouncing familiar graphemes
- Phase Six (throughout Year 2 and beyond): Diving deeper into spelling, including prefixes and suffixes, doubling and dropping letters etc.