San Marino

Travel to one of the world’s smallest countries and oldest republics, where rugged mountains and hilly terrain have been home to the Sammarinese - the people of San Marino - for centuries. Then scroll down for some of our printable resources to test out your knowledge.

View over mountainous San Marino
View over mountainous San Marino

A Little Geography ...

  • San Marino is the fifth smallest country in the world, and the third smallest in Europe (after Vatican City and Monaco). Land-locked within Italy, it covers an area of just over 61 square kilometres, and has a population of about 33,500 people. The main language is Italian.
  • San Marino has no flat land. The country sits on the northeastern side of the Apennine Mountains. The capital is the City of San Marino, but the largest city is Serravalle.
  • Tourism is a major industry, with over 3 million visitors a year. Banking, electronics and ceramics are also notable industries, as well as food production (wine and cheese). Although an independent country, San Marino depends heavily on Italy for many imports.

A Little History…

  • San Marino was founded in 301 AD when Saint Marinus set up a small community on the top of Mount Titano. Marinus was a stonemason from Dalmatia (now a region of Croatia) who was fleeing Christian persecution by the Roman Emperor of the time, Diocletian.
  • The country was named after Saint Marinus, and originally consisted of Mount Titano. But in 1463, the Pope gave San Marino more cities (Montegiardino, Serravalle, Fiorentino and Faetano). Today, the country is ruled by a parliamentary government, using rules written in the late 16th century.
  • One reason San Marino has mostly stayed independent is its hilly location. Over the years, the country has been a refuge for people facing persecution. In the Second World War, for example, San Marino was a safe place for more than 100,000 Italians and Jews – ten times the population of San Marino at the time. The country was briefly occupied by German forces in 1944, but the Germans were defeated by the Allies in the Battle of San Marino.

And Some Interesting Facts…

  • The capital, San Marino, is famous for its old walled town, narrow cobblestone streets and the ‘three towers of San Marino’. The towers sit on the three peaks of Mount Titano and were built in the 11th–14th centuries. They appear on the national flag and the country’s coat of arms. Mount Titano became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2008.

The most famous of San Marino's three towers, Guaita, which was once a prison
The most famous of San Marino's three towers, Guaita, which was once a prison

  • San Marino is a member of the United Nations and the Council of Europe, but is not a member of the European Union. It does, however, use the euro as its currency.
  • San Marino postage stamps are an important source of income for the country. Although they are used for regular mail, they are mostly sold to stamp collectors around the world. The country also mints its own Euro coins, which are highly sought-after amongst collectors!

About the San Marino Flag

p>San Marino flag

The San Marino flag has two equal stripes of white and azure blue. In the centre you can see the San Marino coat of arms, which features the famous "three towers". You can read about them here.


Our San Marino Resources

San Marino Flag Colouring Page

San Marino Flag Colouring Page

Here is a challenging colouring task for the kids - the San Marino flag! There is lots of detail in the coat of arms, laurel wreath and scroll that will need some careful colouring in.

San Marino Flag Printable

San Marino Flag Printable

We have four different sizes of San Marino flag here for you to print and use in projects or for decoration.

San Marino Location Worksheet

San Marino Location Worksheet

San Marino is one of the smallest countries in the world - can the kids find it on our map of Europe? We've got a guided version that's easier for younger kids.

San Marino Notebooking Page

San Marino Notebooking Page

Use our 2 styles of notebooking page to record what you've learned about San Marino, this tiny European mountain-top country.

San Marino On Map Of Europe

San Marino On Map Of Europe

San Marino is marked in red on this outline map of Europe. Children might be surprised at how small it is compared to other European countries!

San Marino Worksheet

San Marino Worksheet

Here's a simple starter worksheet about San Marino, which asks children to find out a little bit about the country and record it here. 

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