Find out about the Arab country of Saudi Arabia, famous for oil and the Muslim shrines of Mecca and Medina, then enjoy our printable resources with the kids.
Camels in the deserts of Saudi Arabia
A Little Geography:
- Saudi Arabia is the second largest cuontry in the Arab world (after Algeria).
- As a large country is has many neighbours! It is bordered by Jordan and Iraq in the north, Kuwait in the northeast, Qatar, Bahrain and United Arab Emirates to the east, Oman to the southeast and Yemen to the south.
- Petroleum was discovered in 1938 and now Saudi Arabia controls the world's second largest oil reserves and sixth largest gas reserves. The country has become very wealthy as a result, and is the world's largest oil producer and exporter.
- Saudi Arabia has a population of about 29 million, of which about 8 million are foreigners.
- The country is dominated by the Arabian Desert, semi desert and shurbland as well as mountain ranges and highlands, and is mostly uninhabited.
A Little History:
- Muhammad, the prophet of Islam, was born in Mecca, in 570.
- What is now Saudi Arabia was four distinct regions of western Asia, which were conquered and united in the early 20th century by Ibn Saud.
- After the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in World War 1, Saudi Arabia became an indpendent nation and an absolute monarchy, ruled by the House of Saud.
More Interesting Facts:
- Saudi Arabia is sometimes known as "the Land of the Two Holy Mosques" as it is home to the two holiest places in Islam in Mecca and Medina.
- Saudi Arabia has a huge royal family, with at least 7,000 princes. Of those about 200 are particularly important.