William and Mary
Mary II was the oldest daughter of King James II, and William III was William of Orange, her first cousin and husband. When James II was deposed after the Glorious Revolution, William and Mary, both Protestant, became joint rulers of England, Scotland and Ireland. Mary ruled from 1689 until her death from smallpox in 1694. William then ruled on his own until his death in a riding accident in 1702, and was succeeded by Mary's younger sister, Anne.
One interesting thing that happened during William and Mary's reign was that a Bill of Rights was signed declaring that there could never again be a Roman Catholic ruler on the throne, or even a ruler married to a Roman Catholic. William and Mary also agreed to the Act of Settlement which said, among other things, that monarchs had to get permission from Parliament to go to war or leave the country.
Mary II ruled as joint soveriegn alongside her husband William. Children researching Mary can write about their findings on one of our two Mary II notebooking pages