Travel to southeast Europe to a mountainous country full of ancient towns and unusual architecture. Then scroll down for some of our printable resources to test what you have learnt!
The beautiful main square of Skopje, Macedonia's capital city
A Little Geography…
- The Republic of Macedonia is a land-locked country bordering Kosovo, Serbia, Bulgaria, Greece and Albania. It covers more than 25,000 square kilometres and has a population of about 2 million people.
- A land full of mountains, its highest peak is Mount Korab on the Albanian border, sitting 2,764 metres (9,068 feet) above sea level. Its largest lake, Lake Ohrid (also bordering Albania), was declared a UNESCO world heritage site in 1979 for its diverse ecosystem and natural beauty.
- The Vardar River divides the country and later feeds into the Aegean Sea. This was an important trade route in ancient times. Today, the country exports iron, steel, food products and tobacco. Construction, industry and retail are also important sectors.
Beautiful lake view
A Little History…
- Originally part of the Greek, Roman and Ottoman Empires, Macedonia was an important area for traders and conquerors travelling between Asia and Europe. Its capital, Skopje, still boasts a 6th century fortress built to defend the city.
- Macedonia became part of Yugoslavia after the First World War (1914–1918). In 1991, however, the Republic of Macedonia gained independence alongside other former Yugoslavian states. Its national symbol is an eight-rayed sun, representing the ‘new sun of liberty’.
- Heavily influenced by Greece to the south, the country still uses many Greek names and symbols, but the official language is Macedonian.
And Some Interesting Facts…
- Macedonia has the oldest name of any European country. The Macedonian Empire was an ancient kingdom in the 7th century BCE.
- Macedonia’s capital, Skopje, is famous for being the birthplace of Mother Teresa. In 1963, a devastating earthquake destroyed about 80 per cent of the city and killed more than 1,000 people. In recent years, modern architecture has been used to rebuild much of the city.
- In 2010, NASA named one of the lakes on Titan (Saturn’s largest moon) as Lake Ohrid, after Macedonia’s great lake in the southwest of the country.