Mali

Learn about Mali with our "fun facts" for kids, backed up with the help of our flag printables, colouring page and worksheets.

Mali fishing boats

Learn About Mali

A Little Geography

  • The Republic of Mali is hot, dry landlocked state in the north west of Africa, surrounded by 7 countries.
  • The river Niger Inland Delta forms West Africa’s largest wetland in Mali, and provides much needed water and fertile land for farming.
  • Bamako, the capital, is a fast growing city of over 2 million in south western Togo, on the river Niger.
  • The Great Mosque of Djenne is the biggest man-made clay structure in the world.

The extraordinary Great Mosque of Djenne, Mali
The extraordinary Great Mosque of Djenne, Mali. It looks a little like an enormous sandcastle!

A Little History

  • Rock paintings show that northern Mali was settled 12,000 years ago when the Sahara was more fertile.
  • The Mali Empire was once west Africa’s largest, extending over the size of France. It was founded in 1235 CE by Sundiata who was known as the ’Lion King’’.
  • Mansa Musa, the most famous leader of the Mali Empire,  was so wealthy that he took 60,000 followers on pilgrimage to Mecca in1324 CE, accompanied by gold laden camels!
  • Mali was a French protectorate and called French Sudan from 1893 until independence in1960.

Timbuktu

  • Have you heard of Timbuktu? There used to be a saying: "That's as far away as Timbuktu!"
  • Timbuktu was established in the 11th century CE by Tuaregs, who are said to have stored goods near the river Niger with a local lady - who gave her name to the settlement.
  • Timbuktu grew into a trans-Saharan trading centre for gold and salt.
  • During the 12th century a university was established in Timbuktu, which attracted Arab and African Islamic scholars - over 25,000 of them!
  • With its rich history and 3 famous mosques, Timbuktu is now a Unesco World Heritage site.

The Mali Flag

The Mali Flag


Our Mali Resources

Mali Flag Colouring Page

Mali Flag Colouring Page

Here's a colouring page of the Mali flag to print for the kids. It's a tricolour of bright green, bright yellow and bright red.

Mali Flag Printable

Mali Flag Printable

Print out the flag of Mali in four different sizes, from large (1 to a sheet) to small (21 to a sheet).

Mali Location Worksheet

Mali Location Worksheet

We have two location worksheets for Mali - one guided for younger children. Find the country and the capital city.

Mali On Map Of Africa

Mali On Map Of Africa

Our helpful map of Africa has Mali shaded in red, so you can easily see where it is located.

Mali Worksheet

Mali Worksheet

Use our fact-finding worksheet to spark your research on Mali.

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